- I.N. PETROV, W.B. TWARDZIK: Nie masz, kto ratując: on uninflected present participles in Old Polish subject clausesThe paper analyzes the curious syntactic behaviour of certain uninflected participles (part. praes.act./adv.) in Old Polish. Examples are drawn from Old Polish translations of the Book of Psalms and certain other sources. Comparing the Latin text and the Old Polish syntactical equivalents, as well as taking into account the Greek, Old Church Slavic as well as Old Czech counterparts, the authors conclude that the forms under discussion could assume the role of a subject a fact previously unnoticed by scholars. The authors present this unusual usage of participles in Old Polish against the background of a critical analysis of previous treatments of the subject, at the same time pleading for greater terminological precision and a systematic consideration of the broader Slavic background.
- J. MĘDELSKA: A notebook of Mickiewicz's student in the light of the Vilnian Grammatyka języka polskiego do użytku szkół (Grammar of the Polish Language for Schools) written by Maksymilian JakubowiczThe article presents an analysis of spelling in a Kaunas notebook from the school year 1821/1822 which belonged to Mickiewicz’s student as well as in notes made by the student’s great teacher and in other manuscripts written by the poet. The study concentrated on punctuation, the usage of letters i, y, j and grapheme x, doubling of consonants, etymologized spelling of infinitives (for example byd, kład), using a dot over z, the usage of capital letters as well as writing words together or separately. All of the above are the most important, controversial and not entirely regulated problems of the Polish orthography of the first quarter of the 19th century. These observations were compared with punctuation and spelling presented in a Vilnian textbook, issued in the same period as the above book, which was written by Maksymilian Jakubowicz, an author who also came from Northeastern Borderlands. The analysis showed that spelling used by the student who attended a Kaunas school was similar to the spelling of his teacher-poet and that it was characterised by certain chaos in the usage of rules as well as incoherent clashing of tradition and modernity, i.e. characteristics typical of the Northern Borderlands intellectuals of that time. Compared with the above M. Jakubowicz, a grammarian who encountered the same problems, stands out as the one who had better language awareness and, as a consequence, consistency of spelling.
- K. TUTAK: Metatextual operations and punctuation in selected 16th and 17th century printed textsThe punctuation of 16th and 17th century texts was of an intonation-rhetorical character. The analysis of the typographical shape of selected old Polish printed documents allows one to distinguish between eight basic punctuation marks. They performed an important meta-function: they organized the text, rendered it more coherent and constituted together with lexical-syntactic markers a metatextual framework of the written utterance.
- R. BRONIKOWSKA: Adjectival and adverbial predicatives (można, niepodobna, wiadomo, wolno) in the Dictionary of Polish language of the 17th and the 1st half of the 18th centuryThe author compares features and functions of words listed in the title in the contemporary and 17th century Polish language. According to the author, the status of these lexemes (today treated as impersonal verbs) was in the 17th century intermediate between verbs and adjectives or adverbs. Differences between contemporary and 17th century uses of the words can be seen at several levels of the linguistic system. The author also shows a way of describing these words in the Dictionary of Polish language of the 17th and the 1st half of the 18th century.
- J. SENDERSKA: On certain Old and Middle Polish syntactic structures with a relative pronounIn the article the author considers sentences which begin with a relative pronoun placed after a full stop, semicolon or colon (sometimes called anaphoric sentences) to be a specific kind of nonrestrictive clauses. Sentences of this type were frequent in Old Polish and Middle Polish texts. Nowadays they are used occasionally and seem to be a little mannerist.
ABOUT PHENOMENA OF CONTEMPORARY LANGUAGE
- M. BIESAGA: About grilling in politics
- J. MIODEK: Syntactic paradoxes of calques
- A. SŁOBODA: Liczebnik w grupie nominalnej średniowiecznej polszczyzny. Semantyka i składnia, by E. DEPTUCHOWA
- D. ROJSZCZAK-ROBIŃSKA: Jak pisano Rozmyślanie przemyskie, by M. LEŃCZUK
- Polskie języki. O językach zawodowych i środowiskowych. Materiały VII Forum Kultury Słowa. Gdańsk, 9-11 pźadziernika 2008 roku, ed. M. MILEWSKA-STAWIANY, E. ROGOWSKA-CYBULSKA, by P. ŻMIGRODZKI
- Narodowy Korpus Języka Polskiego, ed. A. PRZEPIÓRKOWSKI, M. BAŃKO, R.L. GÓRSKI, B. LEWANDOWSKA-TOMASZCZYK, by P. ŻMIGRODZKI
- A. SIERADZKA-MRUK: 6th International Interdisciplinary Scientific Conference Religious language in the past and now (in a theological and cultural context)
- P. PAŁKA: LXX Congress of the Polish Linguistics Association in 2012
- Report about activity of the Society of Friends of the Polish Language in 2011 (abbreviation)