Issue No. 1 of the Annual Volume XCIV

  • A. WITALISZ: Types of pseudo-anglicisms (in the language of young speakers of Polish)
    The text presents the theoretical basis of a new linguistic subdiscipline called media linguistics which would discuss all language phenomena prompted by media, i.e all verbal constructions (written, spoken or hybrid forms) existing in certain media, especially audiovisual ones. Media linguistics combines paradigms of media studies and post-structural linguistics, open to external relations. The main theoretical bases for media linguistics (apart from media and contemporary culture studies) would be: cognitivism (in this approach media are seen as text-making machines, an important element of conceptualization of reality), a critical analysis of the discourse and sociolinguistics combined with pragmalinguistics. The core of media linguistics are also interdisciplinarity and polymethodologism.
  • K. RUTA, M. WRZEŚNIEWSKA-PIETRZAK: Słownik mimiczny dla głuchoniemych i osób z nimi styczność mających an attempt at an lexicographical analysis
    The article focuses on the macro- and microstructure of the dictionary entitled Słownik mimiczny dla głuchoniemych i osób z nimi styczność mających edited in 1879 in Warsaw. The analyses include: lemma, grammatical information, different types of qualifiers and definitions. The problems presented reveal ambiguity of lemmatization in the definitions used due to the lexicographical ignorance of the authors of the analyzed dictionary. Different types of the definitions that have been used are typical of the definitions found in bilingual dictionaries. Analyses of macrostructure reveal the authors’ state of consciousness as far as deaf people and their language are concerned and confirm the bilingual character of Słownik mimiczny that is strictly combined with the functions that the authors present in it. One can indicate several functions: educational, religious and normative. The educational and religious ones refer to the authors who were both priests. The normative function is visible in the notes made by the authors, the remarks were included in the last part of the dictionary under the title List of errors frequently committed by deaf people.
  • B. SKOWRONEK: The new concept of the research of the Polish language used in the media
    The text presents the theoretical basis of a new linguistic subdiscipline called media linguistics which would discuss all language phenomena prompted by media, i.e all verbal constructions (written, spoken or hybrid forms) existing in certain media, especially audiovisual ones. Media linguistics combines paradigms of media studies and post-structural linguistics, open to external relations. The main theoretical bases for media linguistics (apart from media and contemporary culture studies) would be: cognitivism (in this approach media are seen as text-making machines, an important element of conceptualization of reality), a critical analysis of the discourse and sociolinguistics combined with pragmalinguistics. The core of media linguistics are also interdisciplinarity and polymethodologism.
  • A. SIERADZKA-MRUK: Changes of functions and frequency of interjections in meditations of the Way of the Cross during the last century
    The article presents a comparison of older and contemporary texts in respect of the functions and frequency of interjections. The analysis is based on about 100 Polish texts used in Catholic ceremonies of the so called Way of the Cross published during the first half of the 20th century and 100 contemporary texts of devotional practice (after the Second Vatican Council). It appears that the number of interjections in contemporary texts has decreased radically. At present they occur almost exclusively in special contexts in fixed formulas and stylization, they are frequently used in ironic utterances. The paper also deals with the distinction between interjections and other parts of speech and considers the problem of differences between emotive and imperative interjections.
  • R. ZARĘBSKI: Genetically foreign prefixes and initial elements of noun compounds in the history of Polish
    The article deals with a widely discussed issue of the status of genetically foreign initial elements which can be interpreted either as prefixes or initial elements of noun compounds. The main features of prefixes and noun compounds have been analyzed here. Researchers studies concerning the formal status of foreign initial elements have also been taken into consideration. It has been stated that a diachronic perspective should be adopted in deciding about this status. Irrespective of their meaning, initial non-native elements could function in the history of the Polish language in different ways, both as free and as bound morphemes. It has been suggested that non-native prefixes should be treated as these morphemes whose meaning, at least one of them, could be expressed as a native prefix or a preposition. Following this suggestion, initial elements of noun compounds would include these elements whose meaning (or meanings) may be expressed solely with the help of native autosemantic words. Such a solution could have a practical use in lexicography.
  • I.N. PETROV, W.B. TWARDZIK: Gdyby przysięgły człowiek widział kogo raniąc barzo: on the passive function of uninflected present participles in Old Polish
    The paper analyzes the curious syntactic behaviour of certain uninflected participles (part. praes. indecl.) in Old Polish, drawing on A. Grybosiowa and W. Twardzik’s 1975 article devoted to the same subject. Examples stemming from medieval and Renaissance Old Polish texts (Rozmyślanie przemyskie, the socalled Ortyle Maciejowskiego, Baltazar Opec’s Żywot Pana Jezu Krysta) present some previously unknown sentences displaying participles with object value. In addition, the study supplies further interpretational arguments confirming the hypothesis about the passive meaning of uninflected active participles.
  • A. CZESAK: Luterok
    The paper is concerned with the word luterok, the official dress of clergymen of the Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession: a short, knee-length, black cassock with a white collar under the stand-up collar of the frock coat; a Lutheran frock coat. The word is a borrowing from the German Lutherrock. It might have been present in standard Polish language and Silesian dialects since the 19th century, yet it was not entered in any dictionary. The author compares the word in question with derivatives of the proper noun base Luter existing in the speech of the Evangelical population in Cieszyn (Teschen) Silesia, Slovakia, Moravia, and the Czech Republic, and the Catholic population in the regions of Lesser Poland, Ermland (Warmia), and partly Masuria (Mazury). The word luterok used in Ermland and Masuria has been interpreted as a homonymous expressive derivative, an Evangelical, a Lutheran. Contrary to the view of J. Kollar, the Slovak luterak appears to be an independent derivative rather than an adaptation of Lutherrock which has different meaning. The paper emphasises the difficulty of identifying and describing the lexicon specific to Evangelicals in the Polish context, dominated by Roman Catholicism.

ABOUT PHENOMENA OF CONTEMPORARY LANGUAGE

  • B. BATKO-TOKARZ: Opening and closing phrases in contemporary letters — frequent errors or new spelling and punctuation habits?
  • J. MIODEK: Prikaz, power and Gdynia Festiwal

REVIEWS

  • A. PIHAN-KIJASOWA, Słownictwo z zakresu handlu w prozie Bolesława Prusa (na tle XIX-wiecznej leksyki handlowej). Studia, by J. MĘDELSKA
  • H. PELCOWA, Słownik gwar Lubelszczyzny, t. 1: Rolnictwo. Narzędzia rolnicze, prace polowe, zbiór i obróbka zbóż, by H. KUREK
  • Inwentarz rękopisów do połowy XVI wieku w zbiorach Biblioteki Narodowej, by L. SZELACHOWSKA-WINIARZOWA

CHRONICLE

  • P. PAŁKA: LXXI Congress of the Polish Linguistics Association in 2013