Issue No. 2 of the Annual Volume XCVIII
PIOTR ŻMIGRODZKI: Polish studies, glottodidactics and language policy
ARTICLES AND DISSERTATIONS
WŁADYSŁAW T. MIODUNKA: The status of glottodidactics in Polish linguisticsThe author of the article begins by presenting applied linguistics in Poland, a field of study chosen mainly by experts in modern language studies, but not very popular among specialists in Polish studies. In Poland it was applied linguistics for foreign language teaching that gave rise to the emergence of glottodidactics, understood as the theory and practice of foreign language teaching and learning. Polish glottodidactics, which had been for many years on the periphery of Polish linguistics, began to gain importance after the year 2000. The author discusses the relationships between glottodidactics and traditional areas of study in Polish linguistics, such as descriptive grammar or the history of the Polish language, but he also pays attention to the role of communication sciences, pragmalinguistics, psycholinguistics, sociolinguistics and the current language policy.
ANNA DĄBROWSKA: Teaching Polish as a foreign language in the history of PolishThe thesis is divided into two parts. The first one gives a wide background of Polish as a foreign/second language. For this purpose a short review of books dealing with the history of Polish language has been included. The second part sketches an idea of a future monograph devoted to the history of Polish as a foreign/second language which is already five hundred years old. Handbooks, dictionaries, dialogues and grammars written especially for foreigners and often by foreigners should be a starting point. The background of multicultural and multilingual Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth should also be very important.
ANNA SERETNY: Lexical research in teaching/learning Polish as a foreign language and as a first oneThe text elaborates on lexical research which either has made direct impact on teaching Polish as a first or a foreign language or has been specifically carried out so as to enhance effectiveness of language education. The explorations that help to determine the level of learners’ lexical proficiency expected at a given stage of instruction or look for ways which facilitate learning, giving at the same time some insight into the nature of this process, are of key importance in applied linguistics. The level of users’ lexical competence, irrespectively
whether it is their first or foreign language, decides not only about the quality of their performance but also of its content richness.
MAŁGORZATA BANACH: Reading comprehension among candidates taking state certification exams in Polish as a foreign languageThe article presents the results of doctoral research which investigated the reading ability of candidates taking the certification exam in Polish as a foreign language at the B2 level in the years 2005–2008. The first part of the analysis was concerned with texts, testing techniques and whole tests used in the exam at the B2 level. The Polish corpus was compared with analogous reading comprehension tests in English and Italian. The comparative study of the reading papers showed both similarities between the tests and solutions specific to each exam. A crucial part of the research was a quantitative analysis of answers given by the candidates in part C of the Polish exam; selected tasks were also tested in a control group comprised of Polish secondary school students. The research showed that two types of test items: true/false/not stated and matching information had appeared relatively difficult for the test takers. The candidates had also difficulty understanding text structure of more complex texts.
ADRIANA PRIZEL-KANIA: Influence of spoken text research on the selection of materials for certificate examinations in Polish as a foreign language. A decade summaryThe article recounts a study on spoken texts intended for testing listening comprehension in certificate examinations of Polish as a foreign language at selected levels. The criteria for selecting texts have been developed on the basis of linguistic research on spoken Polish and its varieties, text types and communication theories. The study covers materials used in the years 2006–2008 and in the most recent tests (2017). This time perspective makes it possible to observe the changes made in the process of selecting texts for testing aural comprehension over the past ten years. It further helps indicate how linguistic research influences language
education as part of Polish studies in its practical dimension.
MAGDALENA STASIECZEK-GÓRNA: Studies in the word order in linguistic and in the theory of Polish language didacticsThe article is an attempt to evaluate the status of word order problems in teaching Polish as a foreign language. The starting point is a part presenting the current state of research in the field in Polish linguistics. The author presents collected critical voices of scientists who are also active Polish language teachers on how the issues concerning word order are taken into account in the process of teaching Polish as a foreign language. The last part of the article contains a concise presentation of the author’s own research.
IWONA JANOWSKA: The impact of European language policy on teaching Polish as a foreign languageThe purpose of the paper is to present the impact that the European language policy has exerted on the shaping of teaching Polish as a foreign language. The first part of the text presents the major developmental stages of the European didactic thought as well as the European Council programs and tools which have become indicators of modernity and innovation in language education. The second part of the paper includes an analysis of activities and publications in the field of Polish language education which can be considered as examples of the penetration of the European methodological trends into the Polish language teaching.
PRZEMYSŁAW E. GĘBAL: The development of theory and practice of teaching Polish as a foreign and second language in the years 1950–2015. Some comments on Glottodydaktyka polonistyczna... by W.T. MiodunkaAlthough teaching Polish as a foreign language (didactics of Polish language) has been present in the Polish scientific mind for about forty years, it is difficult to find publications that would constitute a summary and assessment of its evolution. The majority of researchers have concentrated so far on fragments of its development but have not undertaken the effort of compiling all synthetic papers exhibiting how the entire discipline works. There are, however, several publications, whose main aim has been to prepare summaries, focusing on the problem from different perspectives. One of them is Glottodydaktyka polonistyczna… by W.T. Miodunka from 2016. This article is a polemic discussion with the concept as well as themes which Miodunka has explored in his article.
- ELŻBIETA SĘKOWSKA: Bilingwizm polsko-obcy dziś. Od teorii i metodologii badań do studiów przypadków, ed. R. Dębski, W.T. Miodunka
- A report on the activities of TMJP in 2016 (abbreviated)
- Publishing novelties